Sight Loss and Eye Health

Important information about how to maintain good eye health, and some exercises to help alleviate eye strain. We have also included a brief overview of some of the more common eye conditions, with links to useful sites.

To maintain good eye health, you can adopt some simple steps such as regular eye examinations, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and wearing protective equipment when playing sports or working with materials that could damage the eyes. Regular rest and eye exercises such as looking at near objects then far can help alleviate eye strain.

Below is some information on some of the more common eye conditions. If you need further information on any of the below or other eye conditions, please contact us at our resource centre on 01799 523700.

  • Macular Disease causes blurred, distorted or dim vision and may progress slowly. It’s not painful so the affected person may not notice any changes at first. Regular sight tests should pick up any changes in vision.
  • Cataracts are cloudy patches in the lens that can make vision blurred or misty. The cloudier the lens becomes, the more the person’s sight will be affected.
  • Glaucoma occurs when the drainage tubes within the eye become slightly blocked, preventing eye fluid from draining properly, causing pressure to build up.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy can affect people with diabetes, who are at risk of developing the condition, which affects the blood vessels supplying the retina, the part of the eye which is sensitive to light and very important to vision.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the name given to a group of inherited diseases of the retina that all lead to a gradual progressive reduction in vision.
  • Retinal detachment occurs when the thin lining at the back of your eye called the retina begins to pull away from the blood vessels that supply it with oxygen and nutrients.
  • Nystagmus is an involuntary movement of the eyes which often seriously reduces vision.
  • Charles Bonnet Syndrome or ‘Phantom Visions’ can be a very worrying side effect of sight loss, where the brain tries to compensate for not seeing, by creating visual hallucinations. These visions are a normal response of the brain to the loss of vision and not a sign of mental illness.